1 Timothy 2:11-12 – May Women Teach Men?

December 26, 2022

In January, 2021, Bammel Road Church of Christ in Houston, TX, asked me to share my understanding of 1 Timothy 2:11-12 with them. This is the ZOOM video for January 31, 2021.

This presentation suggests that Paul is addressing a confused situation in Ephesus where some deceived women were influencing the whole church, and consequently Paul encourages them to learn before they teach. These women had been deceived just as Eve had. This is not a universal prohibition against women teaching men. Rather, it is Paul’s response to a specific situation where Paul uses Eve as an analogy rather than as the basis for some kind of created order that ranks the authority of men and women in the church.

The Powerpoint slides are available here.

Another video on 1 Timothy 2:12 (“Three Problems with a Soft Complementarian Reading of 1 Timothy 2:12”) is available here.

For a summary of my perspective, see this essay.

For a more extended presentation of my understanding, see my book: Women Serving God.


Israel’s Scripture: Narrative and Liturgy

December 22, 2022

Texts: 1 Chronicles 29:29-30; Psalm 19:14

Days 20-22 in Around the Bible in Eighty Days.

Every people-group has a history; they tell stories about their journey. And every people-group has a liturgy; they worship someone or something.  Israel is no different.

The Torah and subsequent histories (running from Judges through Kings and Chronicles to Ezra-Nehemiah) narrates the story of Israel.

The Torah, along with the histories, highlights the rituals and rhythms of its liturgy, and the Psalms are the prayerbook of Israel.

What is the theological function of these parts of Scripture for Israel? Why are they there, and how do they provide guidance for living faithfully with God?

In this video, part of a Bible class’s walk through my book 80 Days Around the Bible, I explore how the narrative and liturgical genres of Israel’s Scripture form Israel as God’s people.


1 Corinthians 11:2-16 – Women Have Authority (Right) to Pray and Prophesy in the Assembly

December 20, 2022

In January, 2021, Bammel Road Church of Christ in Houston, TX, asked me to share my understanding of 1 Corinthians 11:2-16 with them. This is the ZOOM video for January 24, 2021.

This presentation affirms the principle of “headship” (which needs definition) and the interdependency of women and men “in the Lord.” In the assembly, both women and men are affirmed in the use of their gifts, and women have authority to participate visibly and audibly in the assembly of the gathered saints.

The Powerpoints are available here.

For a summary of my perspective, see this essay.

For a more extended presentation of my understanding, see my book: Women Serving God.


Common Ground: Anabaptists, Baptists, and Restorationists (Stone-Campbell)

December 16, 2022

This rudimentary online presentation for a course at Lipscomb University identifies the common ground between Anabaptists, Baptists, and Restorationists (Stone-Campbell). It also identifies some significant differences as well.

The Powerpoints are available here.


God’s Gifts to Israel

December 14, 2022

Texts: Romans 9:4-5; Psalm 19:7-10; Romans 3:1-2

Days 20-22 in Around the Bible in Eighty Days.

God chose Israel from among the nations as God’s own firstborn. As firstborn, Israel was tasked with blessing the nations through their obedience to God (as a light among the nations) and the promises made to Abraham.

God equipped Israel with gifts in order that they might become that light and prepare the nations for their blessings. While Paul does not offer a systematic account of these gifts and their number, he does offer a doxological list in Romans 9:4-5 along with an earlier reference to the God’s gift of Scripture to Israel in Romans 3:1-2.

These gifts were unique to Israel but intended to bless the nations. Ultimately, these gifts were also extended to the nations as they were incorporated (grafted into, Paul’s language in Romans 11) into Israel.

The gifts Paul identifies (and it is not necessarily a comprehensive list, nor is it one of priority or sequence) are:

  1. Adoption
  2. Divine Glory
  3. Covenants
  4. Torah
  5. Liturgy (Temple Worship)
  6. Promises
  7. “Oracles of God”

Rule of Faith and Creeds: Our Common Faith

December 12, 2022

This video both defines the Rule of Faith and describes its relation to reading the Bible theologically as part of a common faith among disciples of Jesus.

I refer to Paul Blower’s article several times in this video. You may access that article here.

The article was originally published as “The Regula Fidei and the Narrative Character of Early Christian Faith,” Pro Ecclesia 6, no. 2 (Spring 1997): 199-238.

The Powerpoints are available here.


A New Commandment: Love One Another (John 13:31-35)

December 12, 2022

This sermon, which begins at the 30 minute mark, provides an exposition of John 13:31-35 in the context of Jesus’s “table talk” (farewell discourse) with his disciples.


Reformation Theology: The Five Solas (Lutheran and Reformed) and Late Medieval Theology

December 10, 2022

This rudimentary presentation for one of my online classes (an introduction to theology course) provides a basic understanding of the Five Solas of the Reformation.

What is the meaning of the five solas–sola fidei, sola Deo gloria, sola Scriptura, sola gratia, and sola Christus–in relation to late medieval theology? The video also offers a brief comparison between Lutheran (Luther) and Reformed (Zwingli) theology.

The power points are available here.


Everyone Brings Their Gifts to the Assemblies of the Saints (1 Corinthians 14)

December 8, 2022

In January, 2021, Bammel Road Church of Christ in Houston, TX, asked me to share my understanding of 1 Corinthians 14:34-35 with them. This is the ZOOM video for January 17, 2021.

The presentation affirms the use of both male and female gifts as long as the assembly is decently ordered and prioritizes the building up of the body (or, edification).

Powerpoint Slides in the Presentation.

For a summary of my perspective, see this essay.

For a more extended presentation of my understanding, see my book: Women Serving God.


Broad Differences between Eastern (Orthodox) and Western (Roman Catholic) Christian Traditions

December 6, 2022

I prepared this rudimentary video for one of my online classes at Lipscomb University. It introduces listeners to the broad differences between Eastern Orthodox Christianity and Roman Catholic Christianity.

As an introduction, generalizations abound to which there are exceptions and often a continuum of sorts. Consequently, listen to this as a typology for the two positions rather than a box that confines them. The traditions are broader and deeper than I can possibly represent in a brief video for introductory students.

Powerpoints are available here.