Soft Complementarianism Among Churches of Christ in the Late 19th Century

April 10, 2021

James Madison Mathes (1808-1892), who edited the Works of Barton W. Stone, authored an article in the 1882 Gospel Advocate (pp. 490-91) entitled “Woman’s Work.” Mathes was a fellow-journeyman with the conservative leader Benjamin Franklin of Indiana. Franklin shared his perspectives on this topic. He staked out what he thought was a middle ground between […]


Soft Complementarianism Among Churches of Christ: A Piece of History

March 1, 2021

Abigail M. (Rickoff) Mathes, “Woman’s Work in the Church of Christ” (1878). Some congregations of the churches of Christ practiced and a number of conservative leaders advocated for the visible and audible participation of women as leaders in worshipping assemblies. Abigail was one of them. Abigail was a school teacher and wrote for various periodicals. […]


Response to Renew’s Review (Part 9) of Women Serving God

January 11, 2021

Renew has recently published the ninth part of their series on Bible, gender, and the church. This is my response. However, attention to my book is only minimal. Consequently, I will only respond to places that explicitly address my own particular thoughts. I found this article problematic in many ways. I think there are too […]


When Quoting David Lipscomb about Women…..

December 29, 2014

In recent weeks, some within Churches of Christ have discussed the rising participation of women in worshipping assemblies. Some find this disturbing, even rebellious, while others think it encouraging. Whatever one’s perspective, sometimes we hope to find some resource within our past to guide or enlighten us.  I think this is legitimate–not so much as […]


Women Serving God: Four Lesson Series

April 11, 2008

I have uploaded to my Bible Class page some handouts I designed for a congregational-wide study in their Bible classes. It is entitled Women Serving God. The four lessons cover: (1) creation; (2) women in Israel; (3) women in the ministry of Jesus; and (4) women in the early church.  The intent of the series […]